WEP’s 2017 Annual Report and Audited Accounts

Screenshot 2018-07-10 03.33.14

The year 2017 was a period of transition and progress on many fronts for the Women Environmental Programme (WEP). As a way of projecting into the year 2017, WEP organized a two-day retreat for her Staff and Board of Directors to review her projects/activities of the previous year, to share success stories, lessons learned and to plan ahead towards attaining successful implementation of projects and activities and strengthening our global presence. WEP recorded a significant stride in the history of her existence with the celebration of her 20th anniversary tagged “WEP @ 20, celebration of service to humanity.” As at 2017, WEP had reached over 20,000,000 lives globally with her innovative and actionable initiatives. Download and read our report here – WEP’s 2017 ANNUAL REPORT AND AUDITED ACCOUNTS


WEP sub-grants to women and gender CSOs in Nigeria to advance SDGs’ implementation

WEP has provided sub-grants of 1000 Euros each, under the Women2030 project,  to 11 women and gender CSOs in Nigeria to implement activities that promote gender equality and contribute to the overall attainment of SDGs in the country.

The organizations and activities supported are:

Centre for 21st Century Issues (C21st): Capacity building of policy makers and women’s CSOs and awareness raising on climate change and the UNFCCC’s Gender Action Plan (GAP) in Lagos, Ogun and Oyo States of Nigeria. The aim is for policy makers to integrate gender issues in climate actions and for the women’s CSOs to have the skills to push for this to happen.

Centre for Development Support Initiatives (CEDSI): ICT skills training for boys and girls at Government Secondary School Oginigba, Rivers State through setting up a mini computer laboratory in the school and conducting ICT skills training.

Echoes of Women in Africa Initiative (ECOWA): Advocacyfor a gender and equal opportunities law in Lagos State to increase participation of women in politics.  

Women and Youth Environmental Safety and Empowerment Organization (EWAY):  EWAY is teaching 10 women from Kuje and Kadokuchi communities of Abuja Municipal Area Council (AMAC) and Kuje Area Council respectively, upcycling skills to convert waste plastics into handbags and other products which they can sell and make money and at the same time clean the environment.

Fresh and Young Brains Development Initiative (FYBIN): FYBIN is empowering 3 youths (2 females and 1 male) from Mpape community of Abuja in poultry production. The youths have been trained and given starter packs to set up their poultry farms. FYBIN is also running social media campaigns to raise awareness on issues of gender, vulnerability and SDGs.

Gender Perspectives and Social Development Center (GPSDC): GPSDC is advocating for inclusion of people with disabilities in governance in Anambra State of Nigeria in Urum (Awka North),Osumenyi (Nnewi South) and Ukwulu (Dunukofia) Local Government Areas covering the 3 senatorial zones.

Kwande Sisters Foundation (KSF): KSF is training 4 women and girls on tailoring skills in Kwande Local Government Area of Benue State.

Murna Foundation: Murna Foundation is working to strengthen advocacy on gender and women’s engagement in achieving SDGs goal 5 in Katsina State of Nigeria specifically in the following Local Government Areas – Daura, Malumfashi, Batagarawa, Rimi, Kankia and Kaita

Niger Delta Women’s Movement for Peace and Development (NDWPD): NDWPD is carrying out Capacity building and skills development in Catering, Soap making and Coconut oil production for 30 women in Isoko North, Oshimili North and Warri South Local Government Areas of Delta State

Organized Center for Empowerment and Advocacy in Nigeria (OCEAN): OCEAN has proposed to build capacities of policy makers and CSOs in Plateau State of Nigeria on mainstreaming SDGs in policies and programmes of the state.

Ziongate Empowerment Initiative for the Less Privileged (ZEIP): ZEIP is advocating for policy and law on inclusive education in Kano State of Nigeria.

The project, “Women CSOs Networking to Realize the Sustainable Development Goals,” also known as “Women2030 project” is being implemented in about 52 countries of the world by the following global and regional women and gender organizations: Women Environmental Programme (WEP);  Women Engage for a Common Future (WECF); Global Forest Coalition (GFC); Gender and Water Alliance (GWA); and Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development (APWLD), with support from the Department of Development Cooperation of the European Commission. The project has the following strategic objectives:

  • Build capacity of women’s and gender-focused civil society organizations on planning, monitoring and implementation of the SDGs/post 2015 agenda and the climate agreement.
  • Create awareness at all levels of gender-equitable best practices and progress of national post-2015 SDG plans
  • Ensure more gender-responsive SDGs/post 2015 plans with participation of women and women’s organizations.

In the same vein, WEP has also provided sub-grants of N600,000 each to 8 Civil Society Organizations – 4 each in Zamfara and Benue States, under the project “Ensuring Effective Implementation of Programmes, Policies and Legislations, that Contribute Towards Achieving Gender Equality in Nigeria by 2030.”

 The organizations are:

Environment and Climate Change Amelioration Initiative (ECCAI), Nigerian Association of Women in Agriculture (NAWIA), Initiative for Women’s Health Development and Right Protection (WRAHI) and Community Links and Human Empowerment Initiative (CLHEI) from Benue State. Others are  Life Helpers Initiative (LHI), Voluntary Aid Initiative (VAI), Millennium Development Centre (MDC) and Future Hope Foundation (FHF) from Zamfara State.

The organizations are expected to:

  • Conduct interactive meetings with women in selected rural communities in theses states to identify their priority needs and push for their inclusion in the States or National Budget
  •  Monitor implementation of selected capital projects in the States and National Budgets to ensure they deliver positive results for the youth, women and children

The project,“Ensuring Effective Implementation of Programmes, Policies and Legislations, that Contribute Towards Achieving Gender Equality in Nigeria by 2030”  is supported by the Kingdom of Netherlands and is being implemented in Benue and Zamfara States over a period of 5 years (November 2016- December 2020), targeting Legislators, Legislative Aides, States’ Executives; Civil Society Organizations; Traditional and Religious Leaders.

The objectives of this project include:

  1. Advocate for policies and legislations that promote women participation at all levels of decision making, and remove all obstacles (social, political, cultural and economic) hindering women’s empowerment and participation in decision making and infringing on their rights.
  2. Ensure effective implementation of programmes and projects through capacity building of CSOs, budget monitoring and information sharing.
  1. Raise awareness amongst stakeholders on the fundamental rights of women

WEP holds policy consultation on SDGs in Nigeria

Participants at the Policy Consultation on SDGs in Abuja

Women Environmental Programme (WEP), on 27 June, 2018 at The Consort Luxury Suites, Plot 799 Kaura District, Abuja, organized a policy consultation on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

This policy consultation was part of the activities of the Women2030 project, which created a platform for different stakeholders to discuss Nigeria’s SDGs’ plans, policies and programmes, and make necessary recommendations that will help the country realize the SDGs. Stakeholders at the event were drawn from the Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) of government, private sector, Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) and the media.

The Keynote address at the event which was titled: “Funding Implementation of SDGs in Nigeria,” was presented by the Senior Special Assistant to the President on Sustainable Development Goals (SSAP SDGs), Princess Adejoke Orelope-Adefulire, who was represented by Mr. Yahaya Hamza. Princess Adejoke explained to the participants the different funding sources available for the implementation of SDGs in Nigeria. She also highlighted the strategies employed by her office as well as the different programmes being implemented by the office towards achieving SDGs.

According her, the funding sources for implementing SDGs in Nigeria are: “Funding from Annual Budgets: Through partnership with Ministry of Budget and National Planning, SDGs are mainstreamed into long term and medium term development plans e.g. the SDGs core areas such as energy, food security, agriculture, infrastructural development, industry, macroeconomic stability and inclusive growth have been integrated into the National Economic Recovery and Growth Plan (NERGP). At the sub-national levels, the SDGs are being mainstreamed into State development plans. The MDAs align these sectoral plans with the annual budget and work plan for resource allocation and implementation.

Debt Relief Gains: The Debt Relief Gains (DRG) is a robust financing strategy that emerged when Nigeria obtained debt relief from the Paris Club of Creditors. The DRG funds were administered by the then Office of the Senior Special Assistant to the President on MDGs and was utilized to scale up high impact pro-poor interventions geared towards achieving the MDGs. Unfortunately, the DRG funds are not available for now but the SDGs Office is strongly advocating at relevant quarters, for the reintroduction of the DRG funds for SDGs interventions and activities.

The Conditional Grants Scheme: The Conditional Grants Scheme (CGS) was introduced in2007 as a vehicle for fostering inter-governmental collaboration towards scaling up efforts for achieving the MDGs. To prioritize the SDGs implementation at the sub-national levels, this innovative financing framework has been adopted. The CGS is being used to incentivize the domestication of the SDGs and will leverage investments from the sub-national governments through an equal; counterpart contributory arrangement that ensures high impact interventions in the social, economic and environmental aspects of development is delivered to poor rural communities.” Other sources she said include: The United Nations Development Assistance Framework and the Green Bonds.

After the Keynote address, participants were taken through the 17 goals and the 169 targets and how the SDGs could be mainstreamed in policies and programmes of organizations by Linda Akpami, Environment Consultant.

This was followed by the presentation by WEP on the preliminary results of the assessment she carried out on specific goals and targets of the SDGs in 11 states of Nigeria: Lagos, Delta, Rivers, Anambra, Benue, FCT, Nasarawa, Plateau, Kano, Yobe and Katsina. The assessment sought information against the following SDGs and targets: Goal 1, targets 1.2 and 1.4; Goal 4, target 4a; Goal 5, target 5.5; Goal 6 targets 6.1 and 6.2; Goal 7, target 7.1; and Goal 13, target 13.2. However, only the quantitative results for goals 1,4, 5, 6 and 7 were presented at the policy consultation.

The result of the assessment revealed the following:

  • High poverty rates across the states assessed as income levels of respondents with highest percentage fell within the income category of N1-N10,000 which translates to the fact that most respondents live on less than 1 USD a day.
  • Many schools assessed had no infrastructure for equitable and quality education: Apart from FCT, less than 50% of schools in the other states had computers for use by teachers, pupils/students. Averagely, 90% of schools assessed had no infrastructure and materials adapted to the needs of children with disabilities. Similarly, many schools had no electricity, drinking water sources, toilets, and handwashing facilities.
  • Major drinking water sources of respondents were found to be borehole, sachet water and wells across all the states as most respondents had no access to public pipe borne water. Similarly, an average of 10% of respondents across all the states assessed had no toilets in their households.
  • An average of 80% of respondents had no access to public electricity supply, while over 60% across all the states depended on kerosene, firewood and charcoal as their major sources of cooking energy.
  • None of the states assessed had a woman as a governor. The states also had by far, fewer number of women in their Houses of Assembly and as Commissioners than men.

The participants at the consultation proffered the following major recommendations to be implemented if Nigeria must achieve the SDGs by 2030:

  • It is important that all the Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) of the government align their activities with the targets of their relevant SDGs and draw up actionable plans that will be implemented over time to achieve the SDGs targets. Until the MDAs work in line with the set targets of the SDGs, the country will be far from achieving the SDGs at the appropriate time.
  • Governments at all levels should ensure all private and public schools are inclusive and have infrastructure for equitable and qualitative education which gives access to education to both the abled and children with disabilities.
  • Governments at all levels should increase investment in renewable energy and create an environment that will open doors for more players (local and foreign) in renewable energy sector, thereby making as many communities as possible have access to mini-grids and off-grids energy systems as well as clean and affordable cooking energy.
  • Ministries and Agencies of Government responsible for provision of water to the citizens should make concrete plans to ensure more Nigerians have access to portable water by expanding their distribution networks and exploiting more, the abundant water resources in the country for provision of portable water to the citizens.
  • Government should commit to implementing the Affirmative Action in the National Gender Policy for more involvement and meaningful participation of women in public decisions. While it is recommended that the Lawmakers translate the Affirmative Action into a law, the Executives should be guided by the National Gender Policy in their appointments so as to achieve gender balance.


WEP holds annual staff retreat, hosts partners to a new-year dinner to present a film on gender and chemicals.

Board Members and Staff of WEP pose for a group photograph after the 3-day staff retreat in Abuja, Nigeria

Women Environmental Programme (WEP) organized a 3-day retreat for staff and Board Members of the organization from 7 – 10 January, 2018, at Royal Choice Inn, Central Area, Abuja, Nigeria. As it is customary to WEP, at the beginning of every year, Staff and Board Members of the organization convene for a retreat where the organization reflects on her activities for the previous year and plan for the new year.

The 2018 staff retreat was a unique one as WEP used it to plan for commencement of implementation of her new 10-year Strategic Plan, which runs from 2018 – 2027. The development of this new Strategic Plan was supported by the African Women’s Development Fund (AWDF). The newly produced WEP’s Resource Mobilization Strategy, also supported by AWDF, was presented to the Board Members and approved. WEP’s new Strategic Plan provides for International Board of Directors as well as National Board of Directors in her countries of operation. With this provision, some notable international women’s rights and gender activists – Sascha Gabizon from the Netherlands, Winnie Lichuma from Kenya and Yuyun Ismawati from Indonesia – have joined the International Board. Sascha and Winnie were at the retreat to share their wealth of experience with staff. Other Board Members at the retreat were: Yakubu Aliyu, Professor David Ker, Professor Kabiru Isyaku, Dr. Janeth Asagh, Dr. Reubem Ibaishwa, Anne-Marie Abaagu and Dr. Priscilla Achakpa, the Exceutive Director.

After the Staff retreat, WEP hosted her partners to a new-year dinner at Royal Choice Inn, Abuja to appreciate the support to her work received from the partners over the years. The partners were drawn from the Ministries, Departments and Agencies of Government, Civil Society Organizations, United Nations Agencies and the Media.

During the dinner, WEP and her Netherland partner, Women Engage for a Common Future (WECF) made a presentation of the film based on the scoping study on gender dimensions of chemicals and wastes policies under the BRS Conventions in Nigeria.

WEP also presented awards to some of her Staff for outstanding performance in year 2017. The awards were: Award for Outstanding Performance Through Innovative Ideas, presented to Mr John Baaki Terzungwe; Award for Being Excellent Team Leader presented to Mr. Cliff Gai; Award for Being Proactive, presented to Ms Damaris Uja; and Award for Dedication to Work presented to Mr. Barau Bature.

What a wonderful way to start a year at WEP.

Mr. John Baaki Terzungwe (Right) receives award for ‘Outstanding Performance Through Innovative Ideas’
Mr. Cliff Gai (Right) presented with the ‘Award for Being Excellent Team Leader’
Ms Damaris Uja (Right) presented with the ‘Award for Being Proactive’
Mr. Barau Bature (Left) presented with the ‘Award for Dedication to Work’
Sascha Gabizon of WECF giving highlight of the film – What has gender got to do with chemicals?

Call for applications from Non-Governmental Organizations/Community-Based Organizations to support implementation of activities under the Kingdom of Netherlands-supported project

WEP wishes to engage the services of Non-Governmental Organizations (CSOs)/Community-Based Organizations (CBOs) to support in delivering on the objectives and the goal of her Kingdom of Netherlands-supported project.

Specifically, the CSOs/CBOs will:

  1. Conduct interactive sessions with women in rural communities of Benue and Zamfara States to determine their priorities and push for their inclusion in national and or state budgets.
  2. Monitor for effective implementation of some capital projects in the states and national budgets to ensure they deliver the intended positive results for women and girls.
  • Design activities to identify and leverage on existing structures in the states

Download the Application Template here: Application Template

WEP participates in Protection of Civilians Course

Tracy of WEP (3rd from right, sitting) with other participants of Protection of Civilians course

One of the pillars of Women Environmental Programme (WEP) is Peace and Security. The organization works assiduously to update her staff on current issues.

Nguvese Tracy Ogbonna a Program Officer at WEP participated in a two-week course on Protection of Civilians at the Martin Luther Agwai International Institute for Leadership and Peace Keeping Center, Jaji – Kaduna state.

This course focused on The United Nations mandate to Protect Civilians due to the high risk civilians face during conflict situations.  Some topics that were covered, were introduction to peace keeping, mission planning, tools to conduct peace keeping operations, UN operational concept on protection, case studies, conflict mapping, first aid and child protection. Some table top exercises were about planning a peace keeping operation in a simulated country called Carana Republic. The course ran from 1st to 16th September, 2017.

Delivering effective water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) training

Delivering WASH
Group photograph of participants at the workshop on delivering effective WASH training in Warri, Delta state

WEP participated in a one week intensive workshop on “Delivering Effective WASH Training” organised by United Purpose, an international development charity organization in collaboration with the Foundation for Partnership Initiatives in the Niger Delta (PIND), a non-profit making organization concerned with building the service delivery and engagement capacities of governments, civil society organizations, and communities in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria.

The workshop which took place from 14th – 19th August, 2017 at PIND’s conference hall in Warri, Delta state, was aimed to provide participants with the knowledge and skills to facilitate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) trainings.

During this workshop, participants built core skills in the areas of communication, instruction and facilitation of trainings. They were equally equipped with the basic concepts in lesson design. On completing the training workshop, the participants are expected to be able to facilitate pre-existing lessons focused on water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) and make small adjustments to lessons to tailor them for specific target audience.

Amazemba Theophilus Ternenge, WEP’s Program Officer (WASH) participated in this training.

WEP Participates in Resource Mobilization Boot Camp

Resource mobilization bootcamp
Evelyn Ugbe of WEP (In stripe top and black trouser, front line) and other participants pose for a group photograph during the Resource Mobilization Boot Camp organized by AWDF in Ghana.

In the current development space, funding for core humanitarian interventions are constrained by economic recession, changing priorities by Governments at the national, regional and global levels. Regardless of the availability of funds we have the moral responsibility to ensure that development challenges are addressed to build resilience of communities and prevent humanitarian crisis.

To this end African Women Development Fund (AWDF) organised a Resource Mobilization Boot Camp for 19 Civil Society Organisations from Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Zambia, Uganda and Zimbabwe, from 27th – 30th August, 2017 at Tomerik Hotel in Accra, Ghana. The boot camp was organised to build capacities of organisations on resource mobilization as well as develop a strategy to guide resource mobilization activities. The Resource Mobilization Boot Camp compliments the on-going review of WEP’s governance systems aimed at providing strategic direction to fund raising.

Due to the shrinking funding space, organizations were advised to broaden their funding base to reflect a variety of revenue streams that include funding from donors, corporate sponsors, public sector subsidies, charitable contributions, personal investments and other funding or investment mechanisms. This will allow for a diversification of funding sources so as not to threaten the effective implementation of critical programs that improve the lives of their beneficiaries.

The contextual situation of CSOs environment was assessed using the strength, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) analysis. Using the Growth, Involvement, Visibility, Efficiency and Stability (GIVES) model, participants identified the most suitable approach to fund raising.

At the end of the training, each participant developed a zero draft Resource Mobilization Strategy for the period of 5 years to provide strategic direction for their organisations having been equipped with the technical skills to support Resource Mobilization in their organisations.


John Baaki Terzungwe

Programme Manager, Women Environmental Programme

Women2030 Delta

“We have no funds to implement the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).” This was the popular response we got from most offices of the Senior Special Assistants to the Governors on SDGs (SSAs on  SDGs) in the course of our baseline gender assessment against selected SDGs and targets in 10 states of Nigeria.

Following the adoption of the SDGs in September, 2015, to succeed the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), my organization, Women Environmental Programme (WEP) in collaboration with four other global and regional women’s organizations signed a 5-year framework agreement with the European Commission to monitor the implementation of the SDGs in 52 countries, under the project titled: “Women CSOs Networking to Realize the SDGs, also known as Women2030.” It was in the course of establishing baseline against selected goals and targets that would guide our engagement with different stakeholders on this project that we came to understand how the SDGs were viewed among government Ministries, Units, Departments and Agencies (MUDAs).

This view held about the SDGs by some government institutions and other stakeholders has necessitated this write-up.

It is important to clarify that SDGs are NOT PARALLEL development agenda that stand separate from other development plans of the Federal and State Governments. SDGs are part and parcel, or ought to be part and parcel of national and sub-national development plans and hence it is needless to design and implement a stand-alone project or program and tag it SDGs project or program. Strategies to realizing the SDGs are supposed to be mainstreamed in national and sub-national sectorial development plans. That is why the mandate of the Office of the Senior Special Assistant to the President on SDGs (OSSAP-SDGs) which is responsible for SDGs implementation in Nigeria is “coordination and policy formulation of programs designed to achieve SDGs.”

To me, SDGs are like any other development plan that the federal and states governments have always developed and implemented. Federal and states governments have always implemented poverty alleviation programs (Goal 1), health programs (Goal 3), education programs (Goal 4), water and sanitation programs (Goal 6), electrification programs (Goal 7) and many more. This is to say that before the adoption of the millennium declaration by the United Nations that gave rise to the 8 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that elapsed in 2015, and subsequent adoption of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Nigeria was already implementing the MDGs and SDGs respectively. Remove the targets and indicators from the SDGs and they become like any other development plan the federal and states governments have been implementing. So, why say you have no funds to implement the SDGs when every year the Governors prepare and lay on the floor of the States Houses of Assembly an Appropriation bill which is later signed into an Appropriation Act that authorizes expenditure from the States’ Consolidated Revenue Fund to implement the programs I have mentioned above?

The difference between the SDGs and any other national or state development plan is its global nature, its comprehensiveness and its integrated approach that revolves around social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainable development.

The implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals may not need funding outside the funding sources available to the states – states budgets and other external support to the states. And the offices of Senior Special Assistants to the Governors on SDGs may not need funding to implement “SDGs projects.” What the offices of the Senior Special Assistants to the Governors need is funds to coordinate different sectors, departments, ministries and agencies of government to mainstream SDGs in their plans.

Did I say the states do not need more funding for SDGs? No, but states can implement the SDGs with or without additional funding to the existing funding sources available to the states. And did I say the offices of the Senior Special Assistants to the Governors need not seek funding for SDGs implementation? No, offices of SSAs on SDGs can collaborate and coordinate relevant sectors to get additional funding from external sources to complement the sectors’ activities geared towards realizing SDGs. However, offices of SSAs on SDGs should not turn themselves into implementing agencies, but channel the resources they may get to the relevant sectors and only provide oversight on projects implementation.

The most important thing to realize the SDGs is not necessarily about getting more and more funding, but more about making judicious use of the available funds, channeling it where it is needed and avoiding unnecessary expenditures that will not contribute to realizing SDGs. This is where the offices of the SSAs on SDGs need to play a guiding role. The offices of the SSAs on SDGs need to get the relevant ministries, departments and agencies of government to understand the goals and targets that are relevant to their work and develop plans that are relevant to achieving the targets with timelines towards 2030. There should be a clear plan on how the state wants to achieve each target of its priority SDGs.

If for example, a state prioritizes Goal 4 and target 4a – Build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disability and gender sensitive and provide safe, non-violent, inclusive and effective learning environment for all – the state is morally bound to ensure that within its set timeframe, on or before 2030, all the schools in its jurisdiction has access to: (a) electricity; (b) the Internet for pedagogical purposes; (c) computers for pedagogical purposes; (d) adapted infrastructure and materials for students with disabilities; (e) basic drinking water; (f) single-sex basic sanitation facilities; and (g) basic hand-washing facilities. Any target prioritized by the state, it should ensure it addresses all the indicators set against that target in the SDGs.

Based on the above, it is the role of the states’ office of SSA on SDGs to get the education sector to focus its programs in the state within a particular timeframe and also push for appropriation appropriate to fund such programs to ensure target 4a above is met within a set timeframe.

To be candid, states that are desirous of realizing the SDGs should make it mandatory that state sectorial development plans are developed in collaboration and with the guidance of the offices of SSAs on SDGs. The states offices of SSAs on SDGs should prioritize the relevant goals and targets for the state based on its situation, set annual or 5-yearly target for different sectors. The states SDGs offices also should work with the states Planning Commissions, states ministries of Finance and Budget to get annual states appropriations that will contribute to the realization of the SDGs.

It seems to me that there is so much political authority required to coordinate and guide the implementation of the SDGs in the states. The SDGs implementation process in the states may be given more attention if coordinated directly from the offices of the Deputy Governors.

With or without additional funding, reasonable progress may be made towards realizing SDGs in states if the states maintain a focus on some priority goals, align their plans to the priority goals, fund and effectively implement programs and projects in line with the priority goals.

SDGs should not be viewed as an alien development agenda, but as those programs and projects which are capable of addressing the basic needs of the citizens if properly implemented.